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MLA Works Cited

Introduction

This guides focuses on how to properly format works for an MLA works cited page. Examples of the most commonly used source types are provided. For more detail, consult the handbook.

Please note that spacing and indentation in the examples are not compliant with the MLA handbook.

Always consult with your professor concerning his/her preferences for formatting citations.

Books

The basic pattern is

Last Name, First Name. Title of the Book. Publisher, publication date.

Editions come before the publisher. Use ordinal numbers with Arabic numerals (1st, 2nd) and abbreviate revised (rev.) and edition (ed.).

Dayme, Meribeth Bunch. The Performer's Voice: Realizing Your Vocal Potential. W. W. Norton, 2005.

E-Books

The basic pattern is

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date. Second Container, URL.

Access dates are optional for online sources; however, they should be included if no publication, update, or copyright date is present. Eliminate text prior to the final forward slash in the URL, i.e. "http://". Given their stability, DOIs are preferred to URLs. Always attempt to obtain and use a permanent URL.

Cavdendish, Margaret. "Of the Ant." Early Modern Women's Writing: An Anthology, 1560-1700, edited by Paul Salzman, Oxford UP, 2000, pp. 167-68. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=56463&site=ehost-live.

Book Chapters

The basic pattern is

Last name, First name. "Title of Chapter." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.

Precede the page range with "pp."

Hartman, Megan E. "The Limits of Conservative Composition in Old English Poetry." The Dating of Beowulf: A Reassessment, edited by Leonard Neidorf, D.S. Brewer, 2014, pp. 79-96.

Reference Works

The basic pattern is

Last Name, First Name. "Title of entry." Title of Reference Work, publication date.

Do not include publisher information, volume, or page number(s). However, for online sources, provide publisher information.

"Dénouement, n." Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford UP, 2017, www.oed.com/view/Entry/50013. Accessed 9 October 2017.

Articles

The basic pattern is

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

Precede the volume with "vol." and the issue with "no." Use "pp." before the page range.

For three or mor authors, reverse the order for the first author's name and use "et al." for subsequent authors.

De Bruin, Karen, et al. "A Meaningful French Education: Experiential Learning in French." The French Review, vol. 87, no. 3, March 2014, pp. 65-77.

Online Articles

The basic pattern is

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Second Container, URL.

Laporte, Charles. "The Bard, the Bible, and the Victorian Shakespeare Question." ELH, vol. 74, no. 3, 2007, pp. 609-28. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30029574.

Dissertations

The basic pattern is

Author. Title of Dissertation. Date. Institution, Degree.

Cyzewski, Julie Hamilton Ludlam. Broadcasting Friendship: Decolonization, Literature, and the BBC. 2016. The Ohio State U, PhD dissertation.

Citation Generators

Most library databases include a button or link that produces a citation for a reference list. While these are useful for saving time, these citations are machine-generated. As such, they must always be checked against the publication manual to ensure they are accurate and complete.

Additional Resources

Sample

Library Help

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